The Artificial Intelligence and the International Rule of Law Workshop Series involves three multi-disciplinary, problem-oriented research workshops, each one devoted to one of three domains of international law. The workshops will take an unorthodox format: workshop leaders would develop a case-study based on an actual-existing technology or in- development platform and have these technologies introduced and demonstrated by individuals involved in designing or using them.
AI on the Battlefield
This workshop will be designed in collaboration with current and former military personnel who have experience in interacting with intelligent systems in the battlespace, and also with policy specialists. The focus will be on understanding the expected role of AI in “reconnaissance, acquisition, strike” cycles and how legal norms and human decision makers can and should play a role in the cycle.
AI and Digital Welfare
Processes of digitalization in health and welfare policy raise issues of pressing public concern about how the application of artificial intelligence and machine-based learning are to be governed. The workshop will focus discussion around substantive issues that emerged in two separate UK cases Universal Credit and the NHS/Google DeepMind collaboration. These cases reveal both specific challenges associated with their introduction in the context of austerity driven public spending cuts and broader challenges in the regulation of non-human decision making. The workshop will focus on teasing out the lessons to be learnt for more effective future oversight.
AI and Refugee Determination and Border Control
At this moment, a large-scale, EU-funded project is being developed with the aim of bringing ‘state of the art technologies’ to refugee and migration management. The scenario where humans are removed from the decision-making process of refugee status determination altogether – or at least side-lined from some crucial aspects of this process – is becoming increasingly realistic. The lines between machine and human decision-making processes are increasingly becoming blurred. To the extent that humans will remain in the picture as part of the decision-making process, it is essential to understand the way in which they will interact with their machine counterparts. This workshop will explore how AI decision-making architecture interacts with international legal rules and norms on refugee protection and refugee status determination.